What is an EcoBoost Engine? | Specialty Performance Parts

What is an EcoBoost Engine?

Posted by Paige Pesko on

Hitting the open road with a top-notch engine is a feeling like no other. However, as cars and trucks can have lasting effects on the environment, vehicle manufacturers have been looking for innovative ways to build better, more eco-friendly engines. This is where the Ford EcoBoost comes in to help.

As the 2008 financial hardship hit the oil industry, oil prices soared in the United States. During this time, Ford made the commitment to focus on building a one-of-a-kind engine that took power and fuel efficiency to the next level. In 2011, the big-time vehicle manufacturer unveiled the advanced EcoBoost engine. Since then, Ford has never looked back.

What is EcoBoost?

While car brands have long been searching for a solution for increasing fuel economy without giving up horsepower, there hasn’t been much success. This was up until 2011, which is when Ford first introduced the EcoBoost engine. After debuting in the 2011 Ford Focus, several variations of the powerful engine have been introduced in various Ford vehicles, including trucks.

Now, what are the advantages of the EcoBoost engine that make them so great? Check out these benefits below:

  • Increases fuel economy 
  • Includes a turbocharger
  • More power
  • Greater fuel efficiency

The name “EcoBoost” comes from combining the words “Ecological” and “Boost.” When you think of something that creates less harm to the planet, we call this “eco-friendly.” And when you think of something with added power or performance, the word “Boost” comes to mind. Both ideas were used to coin the term “EcoBoost.”

Today, Ford has dozens of vehicles that come with this innovative technology. These automobiles have either 3-cylinder, 4-cylinder, or V6 engines. Ford currently designs their EcoBoost technology into trucks, cars, and SUVs.

How Does an EcoBoost Engine Work?

The innovative combination of a turbocharger and direct-injection system is the backbone of a Ford EcoBoost engine. While a normal engine receives the right amount of air to work effectively, an EcoBoost engine takes things up a notch. The turbocharger forces a lot of air into these engines—much more than a standard vehicle with an average motor. This abundance of air creates more power and greater performance. Also, the turbocharger increases power without sacrificing gas mileage. As gas prices aren't cheap, this is a significant advantage to consider. As soon as you get behind the wheel of a Ford EcoBoost, you will notice a clear difference in power and fuel economy.

The direct-injection system found in these engines is another important topic to discuss. In many other vehicles, fuel is injected using the intake tract. With an EcoBoost engine, Ford has simplified the injection process with a direct-injection system. This results in greater efficiency and less fuel consumption. 

Due to this innovative design and top-of-the-line innovation, Ford has created the next generation of eco-friendly vehicles with the power you can trust. Get behind the wheel of a Ford today to see the magic for yourself!

EcoBoost Performance

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When you look at the performance of the Ford EcoBoost engine, there is no comparison. These motors come with remarkable power and eco-friendly perks.

As EcoBoost engines are offered from 3 cylinders to 6 cylinders, this smaller displacement means lower fuel economy. But most importantly, this results in better compliance with environmental regulations.

Here are the key components of an EcoBoost engine that take vehicle performance to another level:

1. Direct Injection

The direct injection system in a Ford EcoBoost is one of the main features of these high-performing motors. As direct injection is a common system used in many vehicles today, some still depend on the port injection method. Port injection is a process that sprays fuel into the intake ports while combining with air before entering the cylinders. When it comes to direct injection, this process is a lot more efficient. Instead of mixing with air before entering the cylinders, the fuel is sprayed directly into the combustion chamber. This helps to save on fuel and creates a much more efficient process. However, direct injection can lead to an excess of carbon buildup, which can be problematic. We'll talk more about this in the ‘EcoBoost Reliability’ section.

2. Turbocharging

The turbocharger in the EcoBoost engine is responsible for the “Boost” portion of the term. While superchargers also give engines more power, there are some differences to consider. The turbocharger in an EcoBoost motor works by spinning a turbine using exhaust gases, which adds more air into the cylinders. This results in more power and quicker acceleration for the driver.

When the engine is functioning at a lower RPM, less power is needed. In this instance, the motor provides little to no increase in power since it’s not necessary, resulting in greater efficiency overall.

3. Twin Independent Variable Camshaft Timing (Ti-VCT)

Another excellent performance feature of the EcoBoost engine involves the Twin Independent Variable Camshaft Timing (Ti-VCT). In fact, Ford was the brand to pioneer variable camshaft timing. This process works by essentially changing how the camshaft functions at any given time. That said, an EcoBoost engine can change how it works based on driving conditions. This creates an optimized experience for the user.

An EcoBoost engine either opens or closes its valves to accommodate the vehicle's needs, allowing air to enter the cylinders. This process manages the timing within the system, allowing for increased torque when it’s required. On the other hand, the system will also accommodate when the demand is low, resulting in less fuel consumption. If you’re looking for a motor that automatically adjusts to your needs, EcoBoost could be the engine for you. This process works similarly to variable valve timing (VVT), but there are a few differences. Ford’s variable timing system is referred to as Ti-VCT.

EcoBoost Reliability

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While performance is always important in your ride, reliability is essential. You want a car, truck, or SUV that stays working great for many years to come. You need a vehicle that can perform day in and day out.

When it comes to the Ford EcoBoost motor, reliability is one of its best qualities. Since these engines were first introduced in 2011, there have been very few problems. A few notable issues include head gasket complications on the Focus RS, and some exhaust manifold cracking on a couple 2.0 motors. However, it’s important to note that many of these reliability concerns occurred on early EcoBoost engines. As Ford has advanced greatly over the years, there are far fewer reliability problems today.

Carbon Buildup

One fuel-saving feature of the EcoBoost engine involves the direct injection capabilities. However, since fuel directly enters the cylinders, this can create an excessive carbon buildup. While resources are limited on how this affects the engine and vehicle performance long term, Ford has stated it could lead to potential issues. Luckily, there are some ways to lower this carbon buildup and ensure a well-functioning engine.

First things first, it’s vital to use the proper oil type and change your oil at the right time. Secondly, you can use aftermarket oil catch cans, which filter out carbon within the system. Finally, you could also hire a professional or remove the carbon yourself. This process can be done with walnut blasting, chemical treatments, or scrubbing.

To review, here are some ways to reduce carbon buildup on an EcoBoost engine:

  • Use the right oil
  • Change your oil at the right time
  • Use a catch can
  • Hire a professional
  • Clean up the carbon yourself

7 Variations of EcoBoost Engines

Ford has a long list of EcoBoost engines on the market today. Check out this exceptional lineup below:

1. 1.0L EcoBoost 3-Cylinder Engine

You can find this motor on the Ford EcoSport, and drivers can expect 148 lb-ft of torque on a 123 hp engine.

2. 1.5L EcoBoost 4-Cylinder Engine

The Ford Escape and Ford Fusion are the two models with this motor. These vehicles can reach 197 hp and 215 lb-ft of torque.

3. 2.0L EcoBoost 4-Cylinder Engine

Several Ford models use this engine. This list includes the following:

  • Ford Fusion
  • Ford EcoSport
  • Ford Escape
  • Ford Edge

These models have a maximum delivery of 270 lb-ft of torque and 252 hp.

4. 2.3L EcoBoost 4-Cylinder Engine

The Mustang is one of the most popular Ford models carrying an EcoBoost engine. Aside from the Mustang EcoBoost, this 4-cylinder motor is also found on the Ford Ranger and Ford Explorer. Drivers can expect a horsepower of 310 and a torque of 350 lb-ft.

5. 2.7L EcoBoost V6 Engine

This 2.7 EcoBoost, twin-turbocharged engine can make it up to 335 hp and 400 lb-ft of torque. You can find this motor on the Ford Edge ST and Ford F-150.

6. 3.0L EcoBoost V6 Engine

Check out the following vehicles that carry this powerful engine:

  • Ford Explorer
  • Lincoln MKZ
  • Lincoln Continental
  • Lincoln Aviator

While these numbers can vary, this EcoBoost engine can reach up to 400 hp and 400 lb-ft of torque.

7. 3.5L EcoBoost V6 Engine

The most powerful models with the 3.5 EcoBoost engine include the Ford Expedition, Ford F-150, Ford Raptor, and Lincoln Navigator. These models have a twin-turbo engine, 450 hp, and 510 lb-ft of torque.

Specialty Performance – Ford

No matter what Ford vehicle you own, you need the right accessories. At Specialty Performance Parts, we carry a wide variety of exceptional products for your Ford truck.

Here’s a small sample of what we offer:

To build the Ford of your dreams, check out our long list of incredible accessories today.


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